Saturday, September 9, 2023

How AI is Revolutionizing the Future of Speech

How AI is Revolutionizing the Future of Speech

AI is a new technology that helps businesses automate processes and make business decisions. It is being applied to a wide range of tasks in the workplace, from security intelligence and chatbots to data analysis, customer service, lead generation, and fraud detection. It is used to improve existing technologies like autonomous cars, smart cams, and speech recognition and is making products more intelligent by adding features.

AI’s rapid rise is due to increases in data volume and velocity and computing technology advances. This combination triggered an AI renaissance in the 1990s, leading to NLP, computer vision, robotics, and machine learning breakthroughs. This is reflected by landmark achievements in the last two decades.

There are concerns about the ethical use of AI, including the potential for machines to replace human jobs, bias, and discrimination. These issues can be addressed through various means: regulation, education, workforce development, ethics training, data access, and international cooperation. It’s better to focus on advancing overall goals than trying to crack open the black box of individual algorithms and regulate specific decision-making processes. This would limit innovation and create a significant barrier to technology adoption.

Augmented and Alternative Communication (AAC)

AAC refers to devices that augment or replace natural speech for those who cannot speak. AAC systems/devices can include communication boards, touchscreens that allow typing with the eye or fingers, and speech synthesis software. Originally called Augmentative Communication, the term alternative was added in 1983 to highlight that communication devices can augment or replace speech. People use AAC temporarily following a stroke or other injury/condition or may use it long-term because their natural speech is impaired.

Many individuals with complex communication needs are using various AAC tools. 

The recent availability of AI in this field is a powerful new tool to improve the lives of these individuals. However, as with other technologies, there are essential considerations to remember when using these tools for this purpose.

For example, there are concerns about language prediction models consistently generating culturally or developmentally inappropriate words. Also, since many of these tools are now based on machine learning, there is a risk that others could use them to bully or harass someone.

The AAC field is working hard to ensure that these types of tools are used respectfully and ethically so that they can be productive for individuals with complex communication needs. In the future of search, it may be possible that these types of systems can be individualized so that they will provide a voice that is meaningful and accessible to each person who uses them.

Machine Learning (ML)

ML is the current form of AI that is widely used. This type of AI is designed to accomplish a specific task, such as making recommendations for an e-commerce user or predicting the weather. ML is still quite far from human functioning but can come close to us in these very narrow contexts.

It wasn’t until recently that ML systems reached the point where they performed at or even better than human-level performance on some tasks, such as image classification and speech recognition. This was a key milestone for the AI industry, opening up vast new possibilities for business applications.

While ML technology is still evolving, its progress has been remarkable in the last decade. It is now used in many businesses and industries, from delivering better recommendations to e-commerce sites to automating administrative tasks like data entry. It also helps with transcriptions of medical notes and makes it possible for self-driving cars to navigate complex road conditions safely.

However, the potential for bias in machine learning is real. When biased information or data that reflects existing inequities is fed into an algorithm, it can create or exacerbate discrimination. There are ways to combat this problem, such as carefully vetting training data and ensuring that an organization supports ethical artificial intelligence efforts.

Natural Language Processing (NLP)

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a field within AI that allows computers to read and understand human languages like speech and text. NLP is separate from—but often used in conjunction with—speech recognition, which converts sound into machine-readable text. NLP is booming because of considerable improvements in access to data and computational power, which have enabled it to be applied across industries.

The NLP field has come a long way since its beginnings in the 1950s, when computer scientists first wondered whether computers could be programmed to “understand” human language. The technology continues to evolve, with new techniques and algorithms pushing the boundaries of what’s possible.

NLP will continue to play an essential role in business, with companies using it to analyze customer feedback, automate routine tasks, and improve the overall efficiency of operations.

As NLP technologies advance, businesses must educate themselves about how these tools work. Educated employees can help mitigate any concerns, such as privacy issues or potential biases. Additionally, they can promote broad adoption of language-based AI tools across the organization, which will be more beneficial than focusing on one or two use cases.